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  • Writer's pictureSven Dunker

Efficiency redefined: Advantages of process maps - simply explained

Discover how process maps can revolutionize your business processes and take lean management to the next level.


What actually are process maps?

Process maps are a central tool in process management that provides a visual representation of all key processes within a company. They serve to reduce the complexity of business processes by providing a clear and structured overview of all workflows. In the context of lean management, process maps play a crucial role as they not only create transparency but also help to identify and eliminate waste. By depicting the process steps, their sequences and links, process maps enable in-depth analysis and optimization of process efficiency.

Process maps promote a comprehensive understanding of core, management and support processes and facilitate the identification of improvement potential. They are an indispensable tool for effectively implementing the principles of lean management. The optimization of business processes through process maps leads to increased efficiency, reduced costs and improved workflow. By providing a basis for continuous improvement and the pursuit of perfection, process maps help companies to embed lean management not just as a method, but as a corporate philosophy.

In a world characterized by fast-moving markets and constant change, process maps in lean management offer companies the opportunity to remain agile, respond quickly to change and secure a sustainable competitive advantage.

Main advantages of process maps in the context of lean management

Process maps are a powerful tool in the lean management arsenal, helping companies maximize process efficiency, increase transparency, and minimize risk. Here are the key benefits:

Improved transparency:

Process maps create a clear view of all processes within an organization. By visualizing each step of a process, they enable employees and managers to understand the "big picture" and recognize the relationships between different process steps.

Increased efficiency:

By identifying bottlenecks, redundant steps, and waste, process maps help organizations streamline their processes. This leads to faster turnaround times, reduced costs, and overall greater efficiency.

Risk minimization:

Process maps help identify potential sources of error and risks at an early stage. This enables preventative measures to be taken to avoid problems before they occur, helping to ensure product quality and avoid downtime.

Case study: Use of process maps to optimize the production line

A medium-sized automotive supplier provides a concrete example of the use of process maps in lean management. The company was faced with the challenge of improving the efficiency of its production lines and shortening throughput times. By introducing process maps, the company was able to map and analyze its production processes in detail. The visualization revealed several inefficient steps and bottlenecks that had previously gone unnoticed.

"25% reduction in throughput time"

Through targeted optimization measures, such as the restructuring of production processes and the introduction of just-in-time principles, the company was able to reduce throughput times by 25%. At the same time, product quality improved as potential sources of error were identified and eliminated at an early stage. This example is an impressive illustration of how process maps can be used as part of lean management to optimize operational processes and achieve sustainable improvements.


Fields of application

Process maps are used in a variety of application areas within lean management to create efficiency and clarity in company processes.

They serve as a basis for the analysis and optimization of processes in various sectors, from the manufacturing industry to service companies. In particular, process maps are used to:

  • Improve project planning and management: they help to visualize projects from start to finish by clearly showing all the necessary steps, their dependencies, and the time frame. This enables precise planning and effective resource allocation.

  • Support quality management: By identifying critical process steps and potential sources of error, process maps contribute to quality improvement.

  • Lead digitalization initiatives: They provide a structured framework to drive digital transformations by showing where digital tools and automation can bring the most benefit.

  • Facilitate knowledge management and employee training: Process maps serve as a didactic tool to familiarize employees with company processes and promote understanding of the big picture.


Process maps are created through a methodical analysis of operational procedures. The process begins with the identification of all relevant activities, tasks, or steps within a particular area or project. These are then arranged in a sequential or logical order to visualize the flow from inputs to outputs.

Modern software tools allow these visualizations to be interactive and dynamic, making it easier to adapt to changes. For practical application, many of these tools offer the option of storing links to documents, forms, or external resources directly in the process map.

The use of visualizations or videos illustrates the creation process, enabling users to learn how to develop and use their own process maps effectively.

Their creation and application usually follow these steps:

  • Identification of core processes: At the beginning, the key processes that are essential for the company's value creation are identified.

  • Visualization: These processes are then mapped in the form of flowcharts or similar visual representations. Start and end points, sequential steps, decision points, and dependencies between the processes are identified.

  • Analysis: The finished process map is used to analyze the processes. Particular attention is paid to inefficiencies, unnecessary steps, bottlenecks, and waste that contradict the lean principle.

  • Optimization: Based on the analysis, improvement measures are derived to optimize the processes. This can include the elimination of unnecessary steps, the rearrangement of process steps, or the introduction of new, more efficient procedures.

  • Continuous improvement: Process maps are not static documents. They are regularly reviewed and adapted to reflect changes in the business environment and enable continuous improvement.

The effective use of process maps in lean management enables companies to make their processes transparent, reduce waste, and establish a continuous improvement process.


Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

What are process maps?

Process maps are visual representations of workflows within a company that show how tasks, information, and materials flow through various process steps.

What are process maps used for?

How do I create process maps?

Would you like to find out more or are you considering how to transfer processes from theory to practice? Then let us advise you free of charge and without obligation.

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